It is often impossible to deliver a container with cargo from the seller to the buyer by one mode of transport due to the remoteness of the settlement, the absence of railways or other logistic features. In such cases, the best option would be multimodal container delivery and freight dispatcher training.
What is multimodal container delivery?
Multimodal transportation of containers is transportation by several types of transport. The entire route of cargo with a change of transport is supervised by one carrier.
This method of cargo transportation is perfect for those cases when standard deliveries only by water transport, railways or trucks are impossible. Sending cargo in one way, but with a change of transport of the same type, is also considered multimodal delivery. For example, a large lorry carries containers to a large city, and then the cargo is distributed among small settlements by other vehicles.
What are the differences between multimodal and intermodal transportation?
Intermodal delivery is also carried out by several modes of transport. But different logistics companies are responsible for each type of transportation. Sometimes it is easier to arrange transportation in this way (for example, if there is no cargo carrier dealing with multimodal deliveries). Intermodal delivery has two significant disadvantages:
Each transport company is responsible only for its own section of the route. In the event of damage to the cargo, it will be difficult to find the culprit and bring to justice.
You will have to draw up a large number of documents for each stage of transportation. This is not critical if it is required, for example, to send a container by rail, and then take it out by road. And if the delivery is combined by water transport, trucks, railways and again by car, then the stack of documents will become simply huge.
Features of multimodal transportation
Multimodal container shipping has a number of advantages that the sender should be aware of:
1 Lack of a large number of documents. An agreement with one carrier company will provide full support from the starting point to the final one.
2 Reduced delivery costs. Due to the fact that the contract is concluded with only one company, the customer is relieved of the need to pay several commissions.
3 Saving time. The sender does not need to waste time looking for carriers for each section of the road, agreeing on an order and drawing up related documents. In addition, a single shipping organizer will not have to re-register the container at each reloading to a different mode of transport.
4 Optimal route for transportation. Even if it is possible to send the goods by one transport, this will not always be the most optimal solution. For example, sometimes sending a cargo by water, and then bringing it to the final point by car, will be faster than sending the goods by train and wasting time sorting and waiting for the desired route.
5 Safety and responsibility for the condition of the cargo. Since only one carrier is responsible, it will be easy to prosecute if the goods are damaged.
Features of organization and design
Since the carrier is responsible for the transported goods, the Client is obliged to provide a full description of the cargo itself and its condition. Independent experts may be called in to confirm his words.
In case of a delay in delivery, you should focus on the terms specified in the contract. For delay, the customer has the right to receive compensation corresponding to the contract.
Terms and price of multimodal transportation
Both depend on many factors. Among them are the length and complexity of the path, the dimensions and weight of the cargo, the workload of the direction, the availability of additional services, weather conditions, as well as the cost of the container itself. It is also often possible to choose several delivery options, which will differ from each other in cost and transit time.
When is multimodal transportation beneficial?
Multimodal container transportation is a convenient solution for complex routes.
When it is logistically impossible to transport the goods by one mode of transport.
When the cargo can be transported by one mode of transport, but this is ineffective and unprofitable.
In the case of overseas delivery to islands or other continents, it is also wiser to use a combination of rail, road and water transport than to resort to air carriers.