How are bulk cargo transported?
Bulk cargo is a high degree of uniformity bulk cargo. They are placed in the back of a truck without special packaging. The bulk cargo category usually includes sand, coal, grain, coke. All bulk cargoes are free flowing. When transporting them by road, certain rules must be followed. During the movement, the bulk cargo should not protrude beyond the upper edges of the sides of the vehicle in order to prevent it from spilling out. For the same purpose, it must be covered with a canopy to avoid spilling onto the roadway or being blown out by the wind.
For the transportation of bulk cargo, various types of dump trucks are used: MAZ, ZIL, KRAZ, Korean, Japanese and Chinese dump trucks. This transport allows you to increase the efficiency of transportation of bulk cargo and reduce its cost.
How can bulk cargo be transported?
When loading and unloading such goods, special equipment may be required. The concept of bulk cargo should be understood as salt, building materials, ore. Also, some food products belong to this category of cargo. The peculiarity of bulk cargo is heterogeneous concentration and increased mobility. When transporting such goods over any distance, special safety requirements should be observed. Usually, bulk cargo is transported on dump trucks of the required carrying capacity and on-board trucks with body tilters. Cargoes are covered with awnings during transportation.
When transporting them, the following rules must be observed:
correctly develop a route with an even road surface;
use road trains for large volumes of cargo;
distribute loads evenly throughout the body;
the amount of cargo in the body should not be more than the side level;
a certain height of a car filled with cargo. It should not be more than 3.8 m;
to exclude the movement of containers with cargo in the body during the movement of transport.
Rules for the carriage of general cargo by road
General cargo means cargo and goods that are transported in packaging. Packaging can be bags, barrels, bales, bags, containers and boxes. This category of cargo includes mobile equipment, reinforced concrete products, metal products, heavy cargo, non-ferrous metal ores and others. Most often, general cargo is transported in consolidated lots by road transport, since it is this that allows it to be delivered to the desired place on time. At the same time, it becomes possible to monitor the condition of the general cargo during the entire time of transportation.
How are liquid cargo transported?
Liquid cargo is called liquid for various purposes. These include oil and petroleum products, chemical liquids, food cargo, liquefied gases. Most often, bulk cargo is transported by road, since in this case it can be moved in large volumes. The main vehicles for the transportation of such goods are tractors, which are equipped with special equipment for filling liquids into tank trucks and their subsequent unloading. Also, bulk cargo can be transported in tank containers. They provide long-term storage of liquids and can be reused. When transporting chemical liquids and other dangerous liquid cargoes, many regulations and rules must be strictly observed. All responsibility for their safe transportation rests with the carrier. Compliance with fire safety requirements is also of great importance.